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[15], Carlo Curti Gialdino (2005) has reconstructed the design process to the effect that Heitz's proposal contained varying numbers of stars, from which the version with twelve stars was chosen by the Committee of Ministers meeting at Deputy level in January 1955 as one out of two remaining candidate designs. Lévy replied: I did, and I calculated the proportions to be used for the geometric design. [12], On 25 September 1953, the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe recommended that a blue flag with fifteen gold stars be adopted as an emblem for the organisation, the number fifteen reflecting the number of states of the Council of Europe. [36] West Germany objected to the fifteen-star design, as one of the members was Saar Protectorate, and to have its own star would imply sovereignty for the region. [104], It is also depicted on many driving licences and vehicle registration plates issued in the Union. So it was decided to put 12 stars in a circle on the European flag, representing unity among the peoples of Europe. The number will remaintwelve no matter how many countries there are in the European Union.”. The council put forward this proposal, which had a green flag with a white and red Star of Liberation, and the Strasbourg coat of arms on the upper left-hand corner. The flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina, imposed by High Representative Carlos Westendorp, after the country's parliament failed to agree on a design, is reminiscent of the symbolism of the EU flag, using the same blue and yellow colours, and the stars, although of a different number and colour, are a direct reference to those of the European flag. [78], In 2002, Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas designed a new flag, dubbed the "barcode", as it displayed the colours of the national flags of the EU member states in vertical stripes. A cross: Symbol of Christianity, Europe's crossroads, reminiscent of. Twelve yellow stars are centred in a circle (the radius of which is a third of the length of the hoist) upon a blue background. [3] Technically and officially, the "European flag" as used by the European Union remains not a "flag" but "a Community 'logo' — or 'emblem' — [...] eligible to be reproduced on rectangular pieces of fabric". [29] The coat of arms of the Chairman of the European Union Military Committee (CEUMC), the highest-ranking officer within the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), depicts the European emblem as a coat of arms, i.e. Flag of Europe at large created by the Council of Europe, then adopted as one of the official symbols of the European Communities and later of the European Union, "European flag" redirects here. He wanted to do the European currencies with 15 stars in the corner. [125], Likewise, Kosovo uses blue, yellow and stars in its flag, which has been mocked as a "none too subtle nod to the flag of the European Union, which is about to become Kosovo's new best friend as it takes over protector status from the United Nations". This article is more than 1 year old. The European flag symbolises both the European Union and, more broadly, the identity and unity of Europe. Strength or power. It should be a symbol of our common civilisation. Shortly after the first direct elections in 1979 a draft resolution was put forward on the issue. [94], The flag has also been displayed in the context of EU military operations (EUFOR Althea). "[114] [81][clarification needed], In September 2008, the Parliament's Committee on Constitutional Affairs proposed a formal change in the institution's rules of procedure to make "better use of the symbols". The proposal to adopt it as official flag of the European Union failed with the ratification of the European Constitution in 2005, and mention of all emblems suggesting statehood was removed from the Treaty of Lisbon of 2007, although sixteen member states signed a declaration supporting the continued use of the flag. In an early instance, Macedonian protesters burned "the flag of the EU" in the context of EU involvement in the 2001 insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia. appeared in the case of the Cross of Burgundy, emblem of the, Following Expo 58 in Brussels, the flag caught on and the Council of Europe lobbied for other European organisations to adopt the flag as a sign of European unity. [87], The flag has been widely used by advocates of European integration since the late 1990s or early 2000s. To mark the 30th anniversary of the decision by EU leaders to adopt the flag as an EU emblem, the 19 euro area countries are issuing a special commemorative coin. The design was a blue field with a red cross inside an orange circle at the centre. EU Council President Charles Michel paid tribute to Daphne Caruana Galizia on Thursday, placing a plant at the site where she was killed by a car bomb in Bidnija in 2017. Emoji Meaning A castle, in a style that can be found in France and other parts of Europe. When a flag is present at country level, attention should be paid to consider if the same flag … Numerous proposals were looked into. Strasbourg's Coat of Arms: To symbolize the official seat of the. Green represents the Holy Spirit 2… The countries of the European Union can be sorted alphabetically on the name of the country, but also on population and size of the country. The 1996 guideline does not include any recommendation for RGB values. This window, a work by Parisian master Max Ingrand, shows a blessing Madonna underneath a circle of 12 stars on dark blue ground. Against the background of blue sky, 12 golden stars form a circle, representing the union of the peoples of Europe. Take a look at the winning design. The struggle for independence, specifically the bloodshed caused for it. The European Community adopt the same flag in 1986", Regarding The "Adonnino Report" – Report to the European Council by the ad hoc committee "On a People's Europe", A 10.04 COM 85, SN/2536/3/85, Central and Eastern Eurobarometer, Issue 8, Olympic Games 2004 – Congratulations from President Prodi, European Commission, 30 August 2004, "Election is landslide for leader of Belarus", "Comment – Georgia: Brussels on its mind", Cork group burns flag during anti-EU rally outside City Hall, "Embassy flagpole flies in the face of EU diplomacy", "Meeting of the EUROPEAN COUNCIL held on 19 October 2017", "Macron squares up to Eurosceptics on EU flag, Brexit", The Rules of Protocol regarding national holidays and the use of the Italian flag, FlaggAO (BGBl. [105] However, as the proposed constitution failed ratification, the mention of all state-like emblems, including the flag, were removed from the replacement Treaty of Lisbon of 2007. Blue signified loyalty, faith, honesty, and power Nonetheless, the precise meaning of the colors of the flag are: 1. "[80], In reaction to the removal of the flag from the treaty, the European Parliament, which had supported the inclusion of such symbols, backed a proposal to use these symbols "more often" on behalf of the Parliament itself; Jo Leinen, MEP for Germany, suggested that the Parliament should take "an avant-garde role" in their use. The flag followed the yellow and blue colour scheme however instead of twelve stars there were the letters EP and PE (initials of the European Parliament in the six community languages at the time) surrounded by a wreath. Outside official use, the flag may not be used for "aims incompatible with European values". [26] In 2007, the European Parliament officially adopted the flag for its own use. Heitz also made a connection to the date of the flag's adoption, 8 December 1955, coinciding with the Catholic Feast of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The number of stars has nothing to do with the number of member countries, though the circle is a symbol of unity. The EU also inherited the emblem's use when it was formed in 1993, being the successor organisation to the EC starting from 1 December 2009 (date of entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty). Council of Europe historical files on the flag, EU's graphical specifications for the flag, The symbols of the European Union: The flag of the Council Europe, Memorandum on design and designer of European flag,, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2018, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, Self-contradictory articles from May 2018, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2018, Articles slanted towards recent events from August 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2017, Articles with failed verification from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The resolution proposed that the Communities' flag should be that of the Council of Europe[3] and it was adopted by the Parliament on 11 April 1983.[28]. Blue flag with a yellow eight-pointed star in a red circle. He had circulated his flag round many European capitals and the concept had found favour. and in 2016 by the pro-EU faction in the EU membership referendum campaigns in the United Kingdom. Green also depicted hope, and the green cross over a white background was a design that had not been used yet. [11], In 1987, following the adoption of the flag by the EC, Arsène Heitz (1908–1989), one of the designers who had submitted proposals for the flag's design, suggested a religious inspiration for it. A: The Flag of Europe consists of a circle of twelve golden stars on a blue background. The countries of the European Union can be sorted alphabetically on the name of the country, but also on population and size of the country. The five-pointed star is used on many national flags and represents aspiration and education. Therefore, the dates shown are the oldest dates on which the flag was first recorded. Flags List of country flag emojis. Why blue? Q: Is there a Marian interpretation of the symbolism on the European Flag? [34][better source needed] The Committee of Ministers (the Council's main decision making body) agreed with the Assembly that the flag should be a circle of stars, but opted for a fixed number of twelve stars, "representing perfection and entirety". Add the Flag of Europe to your profile picture to support Europe and the European people. The European Union flag’s designer, Arsène Heitz, has acknowledged that the Book of Revelation (where the twelve-star halo of the Queen of Heaven was first mentioned) helped to inspire him.. The second was a variant by Arsène Heitz, who worked for the Council's postal service and had submitted dozens of designs,[35] one of which was accepted by the Assembly. One was by Salvador de Madariaga, the founder of the College of Europe, who suggested a constellation of stars on a blue background[28] (positioned according to capital cities, with a large star for Strasbourg, the seat of the Council). In Ireland[119][120] Mary & the EU Flag — Our Lady’s Crown. Use of the flag has also been reported as representing the European team at the Ryder Cup golf competition in the early 2000s, although most European participants preferred to use their own national flags. The Flag of European Union may seem far removed from the Image of Our Lady Mary, but honoured Lady Aquila gives an interesting view of the relation between the symbolism of Our Lady's Crown of Stars and the star-circle of the European Flag. Communism or socialism. "While some fans of the European players in golf's Ryder Cup unfurl the flag of the European Union, many persist in waving their national flags despite the multinational composition of the European team." Show love for Europe with our Europe Flag filter! Probably Louis Wirion, who had already talked about reverting the colours in his first proposal. Each member state, when using the flag, could insert their coat of arms in the heart of the cross. The EU flag "is a shared flag, blue with 12 gold stars symbolizing completeness. Order of precedence at the state visit of Greek prime minister Antonis Samaras in Berlin (24 August 2012): The Greek flag takes the first order of precedence, followed by the German flag on the right (seen on the left when facing the building) and the European flag in third order, on the left. The Council of Europe - which defends human rights and promotes European culture – chose the present design for its own use. [124] Sometime later, the Parliament chose to use a logo consisting of a stylised hemicycle and the EU flag at the bottom right. There was a proposal in 2003 to deface national civil ensigns with the EU emblem. Their number is invariably twelve, the figure twelve being the symbol of perfection and entirety. Red symbolized military strength, martyrdom, and warriorhood 3. To the question "Who really designed the flag?" The colours are regulated in the 1996 guide by the EC,[7] and equivalently in the 2004 guide by the Council of Europe. [127][128], The blue and yellow colours of the Brussels flag are those of the European Union, of which Brussels is the de facto capital city. Set of European flags which start to resemble more the actual flag of the EU. [126], The flag of the Brussels-Capital Region (introduced in 2016) consists of a yellow iris with a white outline upon a blue background. It is also often used to indicate eurozone countries. So the EU flag displaying a circle of 12 stars has a deeper meaning even than the crown of the Virgin Mary. Green and White: These were the colours of the. "[93], It was used in 2008 by pro-western Serbian voters ahead of an election.[94]. It consists of a circle of twelve five-pointed golden stars on a blue field. The number will remain 12 no matter how many countries there are in the European Union" (quote from a leaflet "Building Europe Together"). 2 talking about this. This committee submitted a substantial report, including wide-ranging suggestions, from organising a "European lottery" to campaigning for the introduction of local voting rights for foreign nationals throughout Europe. "bearing in mind the independence and the different nature of the two organizations, the Committee proposes to the European Council that the European Community emblem and flag should be a blue rectangle with, in the center, a circle of twelve five-pointed gold stars which do not touch, surrounding a gold letter E, of the design already used by the Commission." Paul M. G. Lévy, then Director of Information at the Council of Europe responsible for designing the flag, in a 1989 statement maintained that he had not been aware of any religious connotations.[16]. He wanted to do national flags incorporating the Council of Europe flag. [116] In Germany, the federal flag code of 1996 is only concerned with the German flag,[117] but some of the states have legislated additional provisions for the European flag, such as Bavaria in its flag regulation of 2001, which mandates that the European flag take the third order of precedence, after the federal and state flags, except on Europe Day, where it is to take the first order of precedence.[118]. It was created in 1955 and adopted by the European Union, then the European Economic Community, in 1984.

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