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Stephen Fuller Austin was a reluctant revolutionary. People who © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. [symple_toggle title=”January“]January 1, 1918 – An Alaskan law that forbid employees from working more than 8 hours a day went into effect. At that time a land bridge extended from Siberia to eastern Alaska, and migrants followed herds of animals across it. Alaska History and Cultural Studies offers an online curriculum designed to teach Alaskan high school students about their state, its rich history and its people. McKinley is the tallest mountain in North America. Periodic rumbles were nothing new to Alaskans—four out of every five U.S. earthquakes occur in the state—but the quake that struck at 5:36 p.m. local time on Good Friday was unlike any more, Situated on a bend of the Mississippi River 100 miles from its mouth, New Orleans has been the chief city of Louisiana and the Gulf of Mexico’s busiest northern port since the early 1700s. USGS published the results of investigations of the Alaska earthquake of March 27, 1964 in a series of six Professional Papers. Russian activity in the New World declined in the 1820s, and the British and Americans were granted trading rights in Alaska after a few minor diplomatic conflicts. Founded by the French, ruled for 40 years by the Spanish and bought by the United States more, The first Spanish missionaries arrived in California in the 1700s, but California didn’t become a U.S. territory until 1847, as part of the treaty ending the Mexican-American War. The $7.2 million purchase was orchestrated by U.S. Secretary of … The largest state (in area) of the United States, Alaska was admitted to the union as the 49th state in 1959, and lies at the extreme northwest of the North American continent. Alaska Pacific University (APU) is a private, independent university that emphasizes personal growth through student-centered, experiential education using Alaska, the Arctic and the Pacific Rim as laboratories for learning. Alaska has roughly 5,000 earthquakes every year. Purchase of Alaska, 1867 The purchase of Alaska in 1867 marked the end of Russian efforts to expand trade and settlements to the Pacific coast of North America, and became an important step in the United States rise as a great power in the Asia-Pacific region. During World War II, the Japanese occupied two Alaskan islands, Attu and Kiska, for 15 months. On January 3, 1959, President Eisenhower signs a special proclamation admitting the territory of Alaska into the Union as the 49th and largest state. In the early 19th century, Russian settlements spread down the west coast of North America, with the southernmost fort located near Bodega Bay in California. On January 3, 1957 Dalip Singh Saund is sworn in as the congressional representative of California’s 29th district. Of these migrant groups, the Athabaskans, Aleuts, Inuit, Yupik, Tlingit and Haida remain in Alaska. McKinley is the tallest mountain in North America. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. 1912 - Alaska becomes a U.S. territory. The European discovery of Alaska came in 1741, when a Russian expedition led by Danish navigator Vitus Bering sighted the Alaskan mainland. Some one-third of the state lies within the Arctic Circle and … Alaska, the 49th state, entered the Union in January 1959, participating in its first presidential election in 1960. The killing of Carol Stuart, who was pregnant at the time, on October 23, 1989, had touched off a national outrage when more, In the climax of deteriorating relations between the United States and Fidel Castro’s government in Cuba, President Dwight D. Eisenhower closes the American embassy in Havana and severs diplomatic relations. 1867 - Alaska is purchased from Russia by the United States for $7,200,000. Nickname(s): The Last Frontier; Land of the Midnight Sun, This guide provides access to digital materials at the Library of Congress, links to external websites, and a print bibliography. This list was compiled as a resource to those seeking information and training regarding SB 13 Tribal History/Shared History. All Rights Reserved. Disclosure: This file is a list of trainers that have completed the Senate Bill (SB) 13 Tribal History/Shared History Train the Trainer events (Part I and Part 2). The state’s coastal location and excellent harbors have contributed to its role as a leader in trade with Alaska, Canada and countries of the Pacific more, One of the 13 original colonies, Virginia was the first part of the country permanently settled by the English, who established Jamestown on the banks of the James River in 1607. In an event that heralds the birth of modern Japan, patriotic samurai from Japan’s outlying domains join with anti-shogunate nobles in restoring the emperor to power after 700 years. Martin Luther, the chief catalyst of Protestantism, was a professor of biblical interpretation at the University of Wittenberg in Germany more, Two years after British archaeologist Howard Carter and his workmen discovered the tomb of the Pharaoh Tutankhamen near Luxor, Egypt, they uncover the greatest treasure of the tomb—a stone sarcophagus containing a solid gold coffin that holds the mummy of Tutankhamen. Geographical and historical treatment of Alaska, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and government. Alaska's History. People have inhabited Alaska since 10,000 BCE. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Shortly thereafter, the discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill in 1848 inspired a wave of settlers to more. In the 1860s, a nearly bankrupt Russia decided to offer Alaska for sale to the United States, which earlier had expressed interest in such a purchase. The railroad workforce increased to more than 1,000 between 1970 and 1975. Alaska has roughly 5,000 earthquakes every year. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. READ MORE: Why the Purchase of Alaska Was Far From “Folly”, At 20,320 feet, Mt. A childhood bout of scarlet fever permanently weakened his eyesight. The capital is Juneau. People rush to Alaska in hopes of striking it rich. Western science asserts the first people came to Alaska about 15,000 years ago following herd animals across the Bering Land Bridge. Delaware was technically a state where slavery was more, In a stroke of strategic genius, General George Washington manages to evade conflict with General Charles Cornwallis, who had been dispatched to Trenton to bag the fox (Washington), and wins several encounters with the British rear guard, as it departs Princeton for Trenton, New more, In preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima, Okinawa, and mainland Japan, Gen. Douglas MacArthur is placed in command of all U.S. ground forces and Adm. Chester Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. naval forces. Acquired by the United States in 1867, the territory was dubbed “Seward’s Folly” after U.S. Secretary of State William Seward, who arranged to purchase the land from Russia. In March of 1964, the strongest earthquake recorded in North America occurred in Prince William Sound with a magnitude of 9.2. Most of Alaska’s mainland felt the magnitude 9.2 earthquake, which wobbled Seattle’s Space Needle some 1,200 miles more, The treaty enlarged the United States by 586,000 square miles, an area more than twice the size of Texas, all for the bargain price of around two cents an acre. This Month in Alaska History This Month in History was compiled by Robert N. DeArmond of Sitka. The home state of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and other founding fathers, Virginia played an more, Colorado, which joined the union as the 38th state in 1876, is America’s eighth largest state in terms of land mass. The two main Eskimo groups, Inupiat and Yupik, are distinguished by their language and geography. 1942 - Two of the Aleutian Islands are captured by Japan. The impetus for the coup was a fear by many Japanese that the nation’s feudal leaders were ill more, On January 3, 1967, Jack Ruby, the Dallas nightclub owner who killed the alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy, dies of cancer in a Dallas hospital. The 1964 Alaska earthquake, the strongest earthquake ever recorded in North America, struck Alaska’s Prince William Sound, about 74 miles southeast of Anchorage. All Rights Reserved. 1897 - The Klondike Gold Rush begins. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! In 1784, Grigory Shelikhov established the first permanent Russian colony in Alaska on Kodiak Island. Russian presence in south central Alaska was well established in the 19th century. Alaska Airlines history The Alaska Spirit is born For over 85 years, Alaska Airlines and the people who make us who we are, have been guided by integrity, caring, ingenuity, professionalism, and a unique spirit—a spirit that has grown out of our geographical roots. The area had seen human occupation since at least the last ice age, but a permanent settlement was not established at the site of Fairbanks until the start of the 20th century. Alaska History Timeline Important Dates, Events, and Milestones in Alaska History. About half of all Alaska Natives are Eskimos. State of Alaska Department of Natural Resources. Its spirit of independence is epitomized in the state motto–“Live Free or Die.” New Hampshire was the 9th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution–the final state needed to put more, Granted statehood in 1889, Washington was named in honor of George Washington; it is the only U.S. state named after a president. He went to sea at age 19, as a cabin boy on a ship bound for Liverpool. Known to many as “Judge,” and also nicknamed “the Peacemaker,” he is the first Asian, first Indian American, first Sikh and first follower of a non-Abrahamic more, Similar to Adolf Hitler, Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini did not become the dictator of a totalitarian regime overnight. In 1867, U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward brokered a deal to purchase Alaska from a debt-ridden Imperial Russia for $7.2 million – about two cents an acre. At an elevation of 20,310 feet, Alaska’s Denali is North America’s highest peak. 15,000 - 4,000 Before Present. A predominantly childhood disease in the early 20th century, polio wreaked havoc among American more, Escalating the tensions that would lead to rebellion and war, the Mexican government imprisons the Texas colonizer Stephen Austin in Mexico City. At different times in Alaska’s history, these requirements changed. Noriega was flown to Miami the following day and crowds of citizens on the more, On January 3, 1521, Pope Leo X issues the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem, which excommunicates Martin Luther from the Catholic Church. The action signaled that the United States was prepared to take more, On January 3, 1861, just two weeks after South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union, the state of Delaware rejects a similar proposal. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Yet because some politicians and journalists considered Alaska a barren wasteland— and inherently opposed anything more, New Hampshire, one of the original 13 colonies, was the first state to have its own state constitution. The deal was lampooned by fellow politicians and by the public as "Seward's folly", "Seward's icebox" and "Walrussia." Recent Sightings around Alaska match stories of an Arctic mermaid that attacks people. Alaska Purchase, acquisition in 1867 by the U.S. from Russia of 586,412 square miles of land at the northwestern tip of the North American continent, comprising the current U.S. state of Alaska. The Alaska Humanities Forum and the state’s leading historians, anthropologists, geographers and educators developed the course. Alaska’s Remote Villages Race Against Time and History The coronavirus has spread into the most remote villages, a reminder of earlier pandemics that ravaged the state. The state of Rhode Island could fit into Alaska more than 420 times. Russia controlled most of the area that is now Alaska from the late 1700s until 1867, when it was purchased by U.S. Secretary of State William Seward for $7.2 million, or about two cents an acre. For several years, he and his allies worked more or less within the confines of the Italian constitution to accrue power, eroding democratic more, The Mars Exploration Rover Spirit lands on the Red Planet on January 3, 2004. Since then, the Hall has added a new class of more, On January 3 1841, writer Herman Melville ships out on the whaler Acushnet to the South Seas. The railroad also hauled pipe from Valdez and Seward to Fairbanks, where it was then trucked to the North Slope. (Eskimo is used for Alaska Natives; Inuit is used for Eskimos living in Canada.) The history of Fairbanks, the second-largest city in Alaska, can be traced to the founding of a trading post by E.T. Why the Purchase of Alaska Was Far From “Folly”. This effectively ended the concept of unified commands, more. The Alaska Railroad supports construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline by receiving shipped pipe and storing it on railroad land in Valdez, Seward and Fairbanks. Alaska, rich in natural resources, has been contributing to American prosperity ever since. Melville was born in New York City in 1819. Despite a slow start in settlement by Americans from the continental United States, the discovery of gold in 1898 brought a rapid influx of people to the territory. 550 W. 7th Ave, Suite 1360 Anchorage, AK 99501-3557 Phone: (907) 269-8400 Fax: (907) 269-8901 TTY: Dial 711 or 800-770-8973 Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. In one of the longest and most successful missions in NASA history, Spirit would survey Martian geography for the next seven years, while more, On January 3, 1990, Panama’s General Manuel Antonio Noriega, after holing up for 10 days at the Vatican embassy in Panama City, surrenders to U.S. military troops to face charges of drug trafficking. When homesteading started in Alaska in 1898, the general requirements were that a person had to: 1. live on the claimed land for most of five consecutive years, 2. live in a habitable dwelling (a tent would not count), and 3. cultivate at least one-eighth of the land. Alaska is bounded by the Beaufort Sea and the Arctic Ocean to the north; Canada’s Yukon Territory and British Columbia province to the east; the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south; the Bering Strait and the Bering Sea to the west; and the Chukchi Sea to the northwest. Despite the bargain price of roughly two cents an acre, the Alaskan purchase was ridiculed in Congress and in the press as “Seward’s folly,” “Seward’s icebox,” and President Andrew Johnson’s “polar bear garden.” Nevertheless, the Senate ratified purchase of the tremendous landmass, one-fifth the size of the rest of the United States. 1900 - Juneau becomes the capital of Alaska. Offers a chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in Alaska history Alaska's modern history is very short; it was not discovered by the developed world until halfway through the 18th century. Barnette on the south bank of the Chena River on August 26, 1901. SB 13 Tribal History/Shared History Resource Directory . Now there is … Located in the Rocky Mountain region of the western United States, the state’s abundant and varied natural resources attracted the ancient Pueblo peoples and, more, [slideshow]As the sunlight waned on March 27, 1964, Alaska’s frozen ground shivered violently. On March 30, 1867, Secretary of State William H. Seward signed a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska for $7.2 million. Alaska has voted reliably Republican, only voting Democratic for Lyndon Johnson’s rout of Barry Goldwater in 1964. At 20,320 feet, Mt. Alaska contains 17 of the 20 highest peaks in the United States. When Carter more. His father, Moses Austin, won permission from the Mexican government in 1821 to more, In 1986, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame announced its first group of inductees: Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley, Fats Domino, James Brown, Jerry Lee Lewis, Little Richard, Ray Charles, Sam Cooke and the Everly Brothers. Russian hunters were soon making incursions into Alaska, and the native Aleut population suffered greatly after being exposed to foreign diseases. Alaska Purchase Treaty: Primary Documents in American History In 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from Russia for a price of $7.2 million. more, Matthew Stuart meets with Boston prosecutors and tells them that his brother, Charles, was actually the person responsible for murdering Charles’s wife, Carol. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The most powerful volcanic explosion of the 20th century occurred in 1912 when Novarupta Volcano erupted, creating the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes in Katmai National Park. Employment Opportunities Alaska Pacific University is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Alaska Army National Guard infantrywoman makes history By Edward Eagerton Alaska National Guard Public Affairs JOINT BASE ELMENDORF-RICHARDSON, Alaska – On the cusp of Women’s History Month, one Alaska Army National Guard Soldier made her own mark in history last month by becoming the first infantry woman in the Alaska National Guard. The European discovery of Alaska came in 1741, when a Russian expedition led by Danish navigator Vitus Bering sighted the Alaskan mainland. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. It had three electoral votes that year, and has maintained that number in the 14 subsequent elections through 2016. The Amerind migration group continued south to populate all of the Americas. The Office of History and Archaeology (OHA) is Alaska’s primary office with knowledge and expertise in historic preservation dedicated to preserving and interpreting Alaska’s past, and serves as Alaska’s State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) pursuant to the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. There had been little doubt that Delaware would remain with the North. Professional Paper 541 is an introduction to the story of a large earthquake—its geologic setting and effects, the field investigations, and the public and private reconstruction efforts. The temperature dropped to a record -80 degrees Fahrenheit at Prospect Creek Camp in 1971. 21 days later, its twin, Opportunity, also arrived safely. A Bethel woman made history recently by becoming the first infantrywoman in the Alaska National Guard. The Alaska Native population includes Eskimos, Native Americans, and Aleuts. 1872 - Gold is discovered in Alaska. Alaska contains 17 of the 20 highest peaks in the United States. Critics of the purchase believed that the land had nothing to offer, but the discovery of gold in the 1890s created a stampede of prospectors and settlers. The Texas Court of Appeals had recently overturned his death sentence for the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald and was scheduled more, On January 3, 1993, backup quarterback Frank Reich leads the Buffalo Bills to a 41-38 overtime victory over the Houston Oilers in an American Football Conference (AFC) wild card playoff game that will forever be known to football fans as “The Comeback.” By halftime of the game, more, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, an adult victim of polio, founds the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, which he later renamed the March of Dimes Foundation, on January 3, 1938.

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